Housing refugees and asylum seekers
A number of initial reception centres are currently being set up across Saxony, generally in existing buildings, such as gymnasiums or empty residential buildings. Due to the lacking capacities, however, hardy, heatable tents and lightweight constructions are also used as initial reception centres.
In addition to registration by the Central Bureau for Foreigners and the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, refugees, upon arrival at an initial reception centre, are also registered by the German Red Cross, which runs the centres.
Refugees admitted into an initial reception centre are also given a code wristband enabling them to collect food from the food bank.
Code wristband being issued by a German Red Cross worker.
A refugee receiving food at the Bremer Straße initial reception centre in Dresden.
A German Red Cross worker clearing a tea trolley.
Initial reception centres are generally split into several areas. Pictured here is the sleeping area at the Nöthnitzer Strasse facility in Dresden.
The picture shows the living area at the Heidenau initial reception centre near Dresden.
Every initial reception centre also has a Med Point, where the refugees receive medical care. Here: Heidenau initial reception centre near Dresden.
Laundry at the initial reception centre in Heidenau near Dresden.
Messe Leipzig initial reception centre.
Refugees can procure clothing and shoes in the clothing bank. Pictured here: The clothing bank at the Messe Leipzig initial reception centre.
A map of the Messe Leipzig initial reception centre shows the various nations distributed over various areas.
Staff from the aid organisations often only have a few days/hours to set up an initial reception centre. Pictured here: The Heidenau reception centre near Dresden.
Upon arrival in Germany, refugees and asylum seekers are initially housed at state-run initial reception centres, and later in communal accommodation provided by the municipalities. They spend a maximum of three months at the initial reception centres, and are then spread over the municipalities.
Care at initial reception centres
The initial reception centres are run by the Free State of Saxony (Saxon Central Office) in co-operation with the following aid organisations:
- DRK Sachsen e.V.
- MW Malteser Werke gemeinnützige GmbH
- Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe e.V. Landesverband Sachsen
Saxony currently has two initial reception centres - in Chemnitz-Ebersdorf and Leipzig-Friederikenstraße (interim solution until completion of the initial reception centre in Leipzig-Gohlis). Another initial reception centre is set to be available in Dresden-Hammerweg in 2017. There is also temporary accommodation as part of the initial reception services for asylum seekers to help cope with the ongoing influx of refugees in Saxony.
The following is done at the initial reception centres:
- Registration of refugees and asylum seekers by the Centre for Foreign Education (ZAB)
- Initial medical examinations
- Registration with the Federal Ministry for Migration and Refugees (BAMF)
The BAMF is responsible for conducting the asylum process. At every initial reception centre with a capacity of more than 500 beds, the BAMF sets up a branch office to attend to the asylum process. Branch offices currently exist in Chemnitz, Leipzig and Dresden.
Security scheme for initial reception centres (IRCs) in Saxony
In recent weeks, the ever growing number of asylum-seekers has once again led to security-related incidents in and around IRCs. This security scheme aims to establish suitable and necessary measures to increase security in and around IRCs.
Gewaltschutzkonzept für EAE im Freistaat Sachsen
Gewalt war häufig eine Konstante im Leben der Flüchtlinge in den Herkunftsländern oder auf der Flucht. Auch in Deutschland, wo sie Zuflucht und Schutz vor Gewalt suchen, kann nicht ausgeschlossen werden, dass sie in den Flüchtlingsunterkünften sexualisierte oder häusliche Gewalt durch Partner, Mitbewohner oder Personal erleben. Das Zusammenleben von Menschen aus unterschiedlichen Nationen und Ethnien auf engem Raum in den Asylunterkünften birgt Konfliktpotential.
Das oben genannte Sicherheitsrahmenkonzept enthält erste Festlegungen zum Umgang mit besonders schutzbedürftigen Personen. Diese sollen durch das vorliegende Gewaltschutzkonzept näher ausgestaltet werden. Dazu gehören insbesondere die Festlegung von Standards für das Verhalten nach Gewalt gegen besonders schutzbedürftige Personen sowie Vorgaben zur Präventionsarbeit.
Communal accommodation in the municipalities
Refugees are generally only assigned to communal accommodation in the districts and independent municipalities once registered by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). Due to high occupancy rates at the states' initial reception centres, some of the refugees are distributed over the municipalities even before they have been registered by the BAMF.
The requirements for distribution to municipal communal accommodation are:
- Registration by the Centre for Foreign Education (ZAB)
- The initial medical examination
- A ten-day incubation period
Distribution is based on the principle that refugees from safe countries of origin remain at the Free State's initial reception centres until the processes are complete.
The municipalities are responsible for looking after and caring for people seeking protection at the communal accommodation facilities.
Distribution over districts and independent municipalities within Saxony is based on a key calculated using the respective district's/independent municipality's percentage of the state's total resident population. Refugee housing and care are governed by the Saxon Refugee Admissions Act (SächsFlüAG).